New open-access article in the Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus https://apjjf.org/2021/18/Barclay.html
This article was launched in the summer of 2019 at the National Archives of Japan in Tokyo.
I was interested in battlefield honors for Japanese soldiers, and other forms of compensation, which are documented in a large collection of manuscript records in this repository.
Based on the documents and catalogs, I made a chart to think about the temporal experience of “wartime” for families, soldiers, and sailors directly connected to military funerals, awards disbursement, and after-war occupations of foreign lands. This resulting chart suggests a nation at war from 1895 through 1945.
This illustration from a 1930s youth magazine shows that campaign medals were issued for many more wars in Japanese history than one usually reads about in textbooks.
This picture postcard also reflects the publicity that surrounded “small wars” in Japanese history that have escaped the attention of historians. This article presents my thoughts on why these many smaller wars have been ignored, and how our views of Japanese history might change if we took such wars more seriously.