Imperial Apocalypse: The Great War and the Destruction of the Russian Empire (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014).

Velikaia voina i dekolonizatsiia Rossiiskoi imperii, Contemporary Western Rusistika Series (Boston and St. Petersburg: Academic Studies Press, 2021). [Russian translation of Imperial Apocalypse]

Gender, Sex, and the Shaping of Modern Europe: A History from the French Revolution to the Present Day (co-author with Annette Timm) (Oxford and New York: Berg, 2007). Second, revised and expanded edition (London: Bloomsbury Press, 2016). Third, revised and expanded edition (London: Bloomsbury Press, 2022)

Drafting the Russian Nation: Military Conscription, Total War, and Mass Politics, 1905-1925 (DeKalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Press, 2003).

Articles, Essays, and Book Chapters

“Cybernetics and Surveillance: The Secret Police Enter the Computer Age,” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 23, no. 2 (Summer 2022): 605-628.

“When the Front Came Home: The Great Retreat of 1915 and the Transformation of Russian Society,” in Christopher Read, Peter Waldron, and Adele Lindenmeyr eds., Russia’s Home Front in War and Revolution, 1914-1922, Book 4: Reintegration – The Struggle for the State (Bloomington: Slavica, 2018): 3-21.

“The Apotheosis of the Unknown Soldier: Officers, Soldiers, and the Writing of the Great War in Russia,” in Richard Bessel and Dorothee Wierling eds., Inside World War One? The First World War and its Witnesses (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018): 291-304.

“1917: Revolution as Demobilization and State Collapse” (co-author with Eric Lohr),  Slavic Review 76, no. 3 (Fall 2017): 703-709.

“Rekviem po imperii,” in Aleksei Miller and Dmitrii Chernyi eds., Goroda imperii v gody Velikoi voiny i revoliutsii: sbornik statei (St. Petersburg: Nestor-Istoriia, 2017): 482-490.

“Riots Bring the February Revolution,” Over the Top 11, no. 2 (February 2017): 3-11.

“The Zenith of Russian Progressivism: The Home Front During World War I and the Revolution,” in Adele Lindenmeyr, Christopher Read, and Peter Waldron eds., Russia’s Home Front in War and Revolution, 1914-1922, Book 2: The Experience of War and Revolution (Bloomington: Slavica, 2016): 497-507.

“Soldiers and Civilians, 1914-1917,” in Simon Dixon ed., The Oxford Handbook of Modern Russian History (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013-) [Published online, March 2015] – DOI: 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199236701.013.020

“Le refus chez les soldats russes pendant la Grande Guerre,” in Nicholas Beaupré, Heather Jones, and Anne Rasmussen eds., Dans la guerre 1914-1918. Accepter, Endurer, Refuser (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 2015), 275-291.

“Russian Imperialism, 1914-2014: Annexationist, Adventurist, or Anxious?” Revolutionary Russia 27, no. 2 (December 2014): 92-108. Available in open access format at:

“Russian Empire,” in Ute Daniel, Peter Gatrell, Oliver Janz, Heather Jones, Jennifer Keene, Alan Kramer, and Bill Nasson eds. 1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War (Berlin: Freie Universität Berlin, 2014): DOI:

“War of Decolonization: The Russian Empire in the Great War,” in Eric Lohr, Vera Tolz, Alexander Semyonov, and Mark von Hagen eds., The Empire and Nationalism at War, Russia’s Great War and Revolution (Bloomington: Slavica Publishers, 2014): 49-72.

“The Russian Empire,” in Robert Gerwarth and Erez Manela eds., Empires at War, 1911-1923 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014): 91-108.

“Liberaly i biurokraty na voine,” in O. R. Airapetov et. al. eds., Russkii sbornik: issledovaniia po istorii Rossii, vol. 13 (Moscow: Regium, 2013): 387-414.  Russkii sbornik PDF

“Russian Historiography on the Origins of World War I since the Fischer Controversy,” Journal of Contemporary History 48, no. 2 (April 2013): 350-362.

“Military Occupation and Social Unrest: Daily Life in Russian Poland at the Start of World War I,” in Golfo Alexopolous, Julie Hessler, and Kiril Tomoff eds., Writing the Stalin Era: Sheila Fitzpatrick and Soviet Historiography (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), 43-58.

“Sem’ia, bratstvo i natsional’noe stroitel’stvo v Rossii, 1905-1925 gg.,” in Gosudarstvo natsii: imperiia i natsional’noe stroitel’stvo v epokhu Lenina i Stalina in Ronald Grigor Suny and Terry Martin eds., (Moscow: ROSSPEN, 2011), 117-138.

“The Genesis of Russian Warlordism: Violence and Governance during the First World War and the Civil War,” Contemporary European History 19, no. 3 (August 2010): 195-213. © Cambridge University Press 2010.

“Education for War, Peace, and Patriotism in Russia on the Eve of World War I,” in Holger Afflerbach and David Stevenson eds., An Improbable War? The Outbreak of World War I and European Political Culture before 1914 (Oxford and New York: Berghahn Books, 2007): 213-229.

“Liberals and Bureaucrats at War,” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 8, no. 1 (Winter 2007): 141-162.

“Unsettling the Empire: Violent Migrations and Social Disaster in Russia during World War I,” Journal of Modern History 77, no. 2 (June 2005): 290-324.

“The Short Course for Murder: How Soldiers and Criminals Learn to Kill,” in Lonnie Athens and Jeffery T. Ulmer eds., Violent Acts and Violentization: Assessing, Applying, and Developing Lonnie Athens’ Theories, Sociology of Law, Crime, and Deviance series, vol. 4 (Amsterdam, Boston, and London: JAI/Elsevier, 2003), 107-124.

“Military Reform, Moral Reform, and the End of the Old Regime,” in Marshall Poe and Eric Lohr eds., Military and Society in Russia, 1450-1917 (Leiden, the Netherlands: Brill, 2002), 507-524.

“Family, Fraternity, and Nation-Building in Russia, 1905-1925,” in Terry Martin and Ronald Grigor Suny eds., A State of Nations: Empire and Nation-Making in the Age of Lenin and Stalin, 1917-1953 (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2001), 93-110.

“What’s New in Russian Military History and Why You Should Care,” Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History 2 no. 3 (Summer 2001): 615-634.

“The Mobilization of 1914 and the Question of the Russian Nation: A Re-examination,” Slavic Review 59 no. 2 (Summer 2000): 267-289. ALSO ANTHOLOGIZED IN MICHAEL NEIBERG ED., WORLD WAR I, THE INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY OF ESSAYS IN MILITARY HISTORY (ALDERSHOT, HAMPSHIRE, UK: ASHGATE, 2005).

“Nonviolent Protest and the Russian State: The Doukhobors in 1895 and 1937,” in Andrew Donskov ed., The Doukhobor Centenary in Canada:  A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective on their Unity and Diversity (Ottawa: Slavic Research Group, 2000), 83-102.

“Besporiadki sredi prizyvnikov v 1914 g. i vopros o russkoi natsii: novyi vzgliad na problemu,” in N. N. Smirnov ed., Rossiia i pervaia mirovaia voina: materialy mezhdunarodnogo nauchnogo kollokviuma (St. Petersburg: Bulanin, 1999), 202-215.

“Conscription, Correspondence, and Politics in Late Imperial Russia,” Russian History/Histoire Russe 24 nos. 1- 2 (Spring-Summer 1997): 27-40.

“Pacifist Politics and Peasant Politics: Tolstoy and the Doukhobors, 1895-99,” Canadian Ethnic Studies/Etudes Ethniques au Canada 27 no. 3 (1995): 52-71.

Editorial Work

Guest editor, Russian Studies in History 51, no. 4 (Spring 2013).

Short Publications

“Desiat’ voprosov po istorii Fevral’skoi revoliutsii 1917 goda,” in Fevral’skaia revoliutsiia 1917 goda: problemy istorii i istoriografii, ed. V. V. Kalashnikov (St. Petersburg: LETI, 2017): 90-95.

“Open Access: Is it a Revolution?” NewsNet: News of the Association for Slavic, East European and Eurasian Studies 53, no. 3 (June 2013): 1-3. Also available online at

“Twenty-First Century Views of Russia’s Great War Effort,” Russian Studies in History 51, no. 4 (Spring 2013): 3-6.

“Portsmouth, Treaty of,” in Europe, 1789 to 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of Industry and Empire, ed. John Merriman and Jay Winter. 6 vols. (Detroit and New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 2006). 4:1837-1838.

Solicited response to Geoffrey Hosking’s review of Drafting the Russian Nation, published by Reviews in History, an online journal of the Institute of Historical Research at the School of Advanced Study of the University of London. (September 2003).


“Did the Kerensky Government Make a Mistake When It Tried to Keep Russia in the War?” in Dennis Showalter ed., History in Dispute, Volume 8: World War I, First Series (Columbia, SC: Gale Publishing, 2002), 171-174.

“More than Imagined: A Few Notes on Modern Identities,” Slavic Review 59 no. 2 (Summer 2000): 330-335. [Solicited response to comments by S. A. Smith on “The Mobilization of 1914”]


Review of Laura Engelstein, Russia in Flames: War, Revolution, Civil War, 1914-1921, American Historical Review 123, no 3 (June 2018): 1047-1048.

Review of Melissa Kirschke Stockdale, Mobilizing the Russian Nation: Patriotism and Citizenship in the First World War, Journal of Modern History 90, no. 2 (June 2018): 494-496.

Review of David R. Stone, The Russian Army in the Great War: The Eastern Front, 1914-1917,” Historian 79, no. 3 (Fall 2017): 651-652.

Review of Peter Whitewood, The Red Army and the Great Terror: Stalin’s Purge of the Soviet Military, Slavic Review 76, no. 1 (Spring 2017): 251-252.

Review of Dominic Lieven, Towards the Flame: Empire, War, and the End of Tsarist Russia, Slavonic & East European Review 94, no. 4 (October 2016): 752-754.

Review of A. B. Astashov, Russkii front v 1914 – nachale 1917 goda: voennyi opyt i sovremennost’ [The Russian Front from 1914 to the Beginning of 1917: Military Experience and Modernity], The Journal of Power Institutions in Post Soviet Societies, 17 (2016). URL :

Review of Eric Lohr, Russian Citizenship: From Empire to Soviet Union, Slavic Review 72, no. 4 (Winter 2013): 898-899. Lohr Citizenship Review PDF

Review of Olga Kucherenko, Little Soldiers: How Soviet Children Went to War, 1941-1945, Journal of Modern History 85, no. 1 (March 2013): 235-236. Kucherenko Review PDF

Review of Sean McMeekin, The Russian Origins of the First World War, The American Historical Review 117, no. 4 (October 2012): 1329-1330. McMeekin Review HTML

Review of John W. Steinberg, All the Tsar’s Men: Russia’s General Staff and the Fate of Empire, 1898-1914, Slavic Review 70, no. 2 (Summer 2011): 462-463.  Steinberg Review PDF

Review of Sarah Badcock, Politics and the People in Revolutionary Russia: A Provincial History, Journal of World History 20, no. 3 (September 2009): 481-484. BadcockReview

Review of Roger Reese ed., The Russian Imperial Army, 1796-1917, European History Quarterly 39, no. 2 (April 2009): 354-356. Reese Review PDF

Review of Ian D. Thatcher ed., Reinterpreting Revolutionary Russia: Essays in Honour of James D. White, The English Historical Review CXXIII, no. 503 (August 2008), 1079-1081. Thatcher Review PDF

Review of William C. Fuller Jr., The Foe Within: Fantasies of Treason and the End of Imperial Russia, Journal of Modern History 80 no. 2 (June 2008): 479-481. Fuller Review PDF

Review of Walter S. Dunn Jr., Stalin’s Keys to Victory: The Rebirth of the Red Army, Russian Review 66 no. 1 (January 2007): 149-150. Dunn Review PDF

Review of David Schimmelpenninck van der Oye and Bruce W. Menning eds., Reforming the Tsar’s Army: Military Innovation in Imperial Russia from Peter the Great to the Revolution, European History Quarterly 37 no. 1 (January 2007): 172-174. Reforming Army Review PDF

Review of Allen J. Frantzen, Bloody Good: Chivalry, Sacrifice, and the Great War, Journal of Modern History 78, no. 2 (June 2006): 471-473. Frantzen Review PDF

Review of Peter Gatrell, Russia’s First World War: A Social and Economic History, Revolutionary Russia 18, no. 2 (December 2005): 244-246. Gatrell WWI Review PDF

Review of Gary Jonathan Bass, Stay the Hand of Vengeance: The Politics of War Crimes Tribunals,” Journal of Slavic Military Studies 18 (July-Sept. 2005): 529-531. Bass Review PDF

Review of Donald J. Raleigh, Experiencing Russia’s Civil War: Politics, Society, and Revolutionary Culture in Saratov, 1917-1922, Journal of Modern History 77, no. 1 (March 2005): 258-259. Raleigh Review PDF

Review of Teuvo Laitila, The Finnish Guard in the Balkans: Heroism, Imperial Loyalty and Finnishness in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878 as Recollected in the Memoirs of Finnish Guardsmen, Slavic Review 63 no. 3 (Fall 2004): 638-639. Laitila Review PDF

Review of Igal Halfin ed., Language and Revolution: Making Modern Political Identities, Canadian Slavonic Papers 46 nos. 1-2 (March-June 2004): 248-249. Halfin Review PDF

Review of Eric Lohr, Nationalizing the Russian Empire: The Campaign against Enemy Aliens during World War I, Russian Review 63 no. 1 (January 2004): 169-170. Lohr Review PDF

Review of Peter Holquist, Making War, Forging Revolution: Russia’s Continuum of Crisis, 1914-1921, Revolutionary Russia 16 no.2 (December 2003): 115-118. Holquist Review PDF

Review of Amir Weiner, Making Sense of War: The Second World War and the Fate of the Bolshevik Revolution, Revolutionary Russia 15 no. 1 (June 2002): 121-124. Weiner Review PDF

Review of Peter Gatrell, A Whole Empire Walking: Refugees in Russia during World War I, Journal of Modern History 73 no. 4 (December 2001): 997-999. Gatrell Refugee Review PDF

Review of David Alan Rich, The Tsar’s Colonels: Professionalism, Strategy, and Subversion in Late Imperial Russia, Journal of Modern History 72 no. 4 (December 2000): 1076-1077. Rich Review PDF

Review of Jane McDermid and Anna Hillyar, Women and Work in Russia 1880-1930: A Study in Continuity through ChangeH-Women, H-Net Reviews, Dec., 1998. URL:

Review of William Edgerton, ed., Memoirs of Peasant Tolstoyans in Soviet Russia, H-Russia, H-Net Reviews, March,1996. URL: