This course will examine the coupled natural history of earth and life over geological time scales in the Andes of Ecuador and on the Galapagos Islands. We will focus on the origin of oceanic crust and hotspot island archipelagos, the development of continental mountain ranges, and the relationship of geological processes to biogeography and biological evolution.

Four required meetings during the Fall semester

Jan 1st & 2nd
Class preparation at Lafayette, EXAM evening of the 2nd.

On to Ecuador
Jan 3rd
Travel to Quito
Jan 4th
Quito and surroundings, acclimatization
Jan 5th

Quito area: deformed rocks

Jan 6th

From Quito over Cordillera Real to Papallacta;
Paramo Ecology, Alpine Weather, Glaciation, Geomorphology
Jan 7th

To Tampopaxi; Geothermal Activity, Tectonics, Geological Hazards; evening lecture and reading discussion
Jan 8th

Cotopaxi volcano; tephra, lava flows and glaciers
Volcanism, Glaciation, Geomorphology
Jan 9th

To: Salcedo; volcanism, lahars; Cotopaxi field geology; evening lecture
Jan 10th

To Banos; Chimborazo and Tunguragua volcanos; Chimborazo high altitude hike
Volcanism, Alpine Ecology, glaciology
Jan 11th

Around Banos then on to Lloa
Metamorphic geology, Lava flows, Volcanism,

Jan 12th

Return to Quito, but on the way detour west of Quito up Cordillera Occidental onto Guagua Pichincha volcano
Volcanism, Andean Culture, Sedimentology, Glaciology

Galapagos Islands
Jan 13th
From Quito to San Cristobal, Galapagos
Hotspot Volcanism, Exploration/Habitation History of the Galapagos, evening: mid-course exam
Jan 14th
On/near San Cristobal Island;study day & morning and evening lecture and reading discussion; no planned afternoon activities
Geology of the Galapagos and Darwin
Jan 15th

El Junco and Galapaguera, afternoon snorkeling
Biogeography, Island Ecology

Jan 16th
On/near San Cristobal: snorkeling Isla Lobos & Kicker Rock; evening lecture and prep for Island Hopping
Jan 17th
San Cristobal to Floreana to Isabela; Exploration/Habitation History, Marine Ecology, Sedimentology, Tephra
Snorkel/hike on Floreana
Jan 18th
On/near Isabella; hotspot volcanology; Ride and hike: Sierra Negra and Volcan Chico
Jan 19th
On/near Isabela; Island and Marine Ecology, Roca Union ornitology; Los Tuneles and Los Finados Lake
Jan 20th
Isabela to Santa Cruz; conservation and ecotourism; Charles Darwin research station; review session in the pm.
Jan 21st
Fly from Baltra/Santa Cruz to Quito; study time all day then
EXAM in the afternoon; dinner and late transfer to airport for overnight home
Jan 22nd
Quito to Newark and back to Easton

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