This course will examine the coupled natural history of earth and life over geological time scales in the Andes of Ecuador and on the Galapagos Islands. We will focus on the origin of oceanic crust and hotspot island archipelagos, the development of continental mountain ranges, and the relationship of geological processes to biogeography and biological evolution.

Four meetings during the Fall semester

Jan 4th & 5th
Class preparation at Lafayette, EXAM evening of the 5th

On to Ecuador
Jan 6th
Travel to Quito
Jan 7th
Quito: Geophysical Institute, Field Geology: Deformed rocks
Jan 8th
From Quito over Cordillera Real to Papallacta;
Paramo Ecology, Alpine Weather, Glaciation, Geomorphology
Jan 9th
To Tampopaxi; Geothermal Activity, Tectonics, Geological Hazards; evening lecture and reading discussion
Jan 10th
Cotopaxi volcano; tephra, lava flows and glaciers
Volcanism, Glaciation, Geomorphology
Jan 11th
To: Salcedo; volcanism, lahars; volcanism and lahars; Cotopaxi field geology; evening lecture
Jan 12th
To Banos; Chimborazo and Tunguragua volcanos; Chimborazo High altitude hike
Volcanism, Alpine Ecology, glaciology
Jan 13th
Around Banos then on to Lloa
Metamorphic geology, Lahars, Volcanism,
Jan 14th
Return to Quito, but on the way detour west of Quito up Cordillera Occidental onto Guagua Pichincha volcano
Volcanism, Andean Culture, Sedimentology, Glaciology

Galapagos Islands
Jan 15th
From Quito to San Cristobal, Galapagos
Hotspot Volcanism, Exploration/Habitation History of the Galapagos, evening: mid-course exam
Jan 16th
On/near San Cristobal Island; El Junco and Galapaguera, afternoon snorkeling
Biogeography, Island Ecology
Jan 17th
On/near San Cristobal: morning and evening lecture and reading discussion; no planned afternoon activities
GEology of the Galapagos and Darwin
Jan 18th
On/near San Cristobal: snorkeling Isla Lobos & Kicker Rock; evening lecture and prep for Island Hopping
Jan 19th
San Cristobal to Floreana to Isabela; Exploration/Habitation History, Marine Ecology, Sedimentology, Tephra
Snorkel/hike on Floreana
Jan 20th
On/near Isabella; hotspot volcanology; Ride and hike: Sierra Negra and Volcan Chico
Jan 21st
On/near Isabela; Island and Marine Ecology, Roca Union ornitology; Los Tuneles and Los Finados Lake
Jan 22nd
Isabela to Santa Cruz; conservation and ecotourism; Charles Darwin research station; review session in the pm.
Jan 23rd
Fly from Baltra/Santa Cruz to Quito; study time all day then
EXAM in the evening
Jan 24th
Quito; Andean culture and history; Colonial Quito and Artisan Market; Teleferico Cable Car and hike
Jan 25th
Quito to Newark and back to Easton

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