The Caravel and the Impact of New Technologies on Transportation Systems

A Caravel

Transportation systems have evolved since ancient time. This continual transformation of the ways in which humans travel and transport goods is often closely tied to technological advances in the field of transportation. In many ways, the culture of a civilization is heavily influenced by the transportation technologies available to it. However, the relationship goes the other way as well. The transportation technologies present in a society are also often determined by the culture of that society.

In the 15th and 16th centuries, an iconic ship known as the Caravel largely dominated the sea-faring industries of Southwestern Europe. Although the exact origin of this ship is still debated, it had been used as an offshore fishing vessel by the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula since at least the 1200’s. The ship featured a strong Moorish influence, and its design, at least in part, may have been passed from the Islamic body of knowledge to the Western Christian societies of Spain and Portugal. This is quite possible because, as one author points out (see links below), Medieval Islamic society contributed many advances to the fields of geography, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. These important theoretical discoveries would later contribute to the success of European seafaring by forming the foundation of cutting-edge navigational techniques and other technologies.

The Caravel was a relatively small ship, especially by modern standards. The bottom of the ship protruded below the surface of the water by only a small distance, making it an extremely maneuverable watercraft. For much of its life, the Caravel featured triangular “lateen” sails that, combined with its eminent maneuverability, allowed it to sail into the wind using a zigzagging technique known as “beating to windward.” The Spanish and Portuguese soon recognized the potential of this ship, and transformed it from a simple offshore fishing vessel to the backbone of the European Age of Exploration. With the addition of square sails (to provide increased power when sailing with the wind) and other minor changes, the Caravel soon became the ship of choice for many explorers. It has been suggested that two of Columbus’s ships, the Niña and the Pinta, were Caravels optimized for transatlantic exploration.

Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.

However, the inverse is also true. To a large extent, the success of the Caravel was due to navigational techniques brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors, combined with the European desire for political, economic, religious, and scientific expansion.

This dichotomy holds true for many transportation-related technologies. Railroads are built to service existing towns, but the route itself often determines the development of future towns. Military conflict has served as a catalyst for the development of many advances in aviation technology that have later spilled over into the public sector. It is clear that a society’s culture and its transportation technologies are very much linked. Engineers must keep this in mind when developing new technologies for transportation systems. When designing part of a transportation system, it is important both to take inspiration from society and to recognize the changes that that technology will have upon society.

 

———————————————————————————————————————

 

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/shiplab/01George/caravela/htmls/Caravel%20History.htm

http://nautarch.tamu.edu/shiplab/01George/index.htm

http://www.enchantedlearning.com/inventors/page/c/caravel.shtml

 

 

13,544 thoughts on “The Caravel and the Impact of New Technologies on Transportation Systems

  1. I’m not sure exactly why but this web site is loading very slow for me.
    Is anyone else having this issue or is it a problem on my end?

    I’ll check back later on and see if the problem still
    exists.

  2. It’s perfect time to make some plans for the long run and it’s time to be happy.
    I have read this submit and if I could I want to recommend you few
    attention-grabbing issues or suggestions. Perhaps you can write subsequent articles regarding this article.
    I desire to learn even more issues about it!

  3. Hey very cool website!! Guy .. Excellent .. Wonderful .. I will bookmark your blog and take the feeds also?
    I am glad to seek out numerous useful information right here in the publish, we’d like work out more techniques on this regard,
    thank you for sharing. . . . . .

  4. Howdy! This is kind of off topic but I need some advice from an established blog.

    Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out
    pretty fast. I’m thinking about creating my own but I’m not sure where to begin. Do you have any points or suggestions?
    Many thanks

  5. Wonderful site you have here but I was wondering if you knew of any discussion boards that cover
    the same topics talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of
    group where I can get advice from other experienced individuals that share the same interest.
    If you have any suggestions, please let me know. Thanks
    a lot!

  6. หากคุณกำลังมองหาเว็บไซต์ พนันบอลออนไลน์ หรือ เป็นมือใหม่ที่ต้องการจะแทงบอล คุณสามารถมาเป็นส่วนใดส่วนหนึ่งของเว็บไซต์พวกเราได้ในทันทีทันใด โดยเว็บของพวกเรา เป็นเว็บใหญ่ที่สุดในทวีปเอเชีย มีความมั่นคงทางด้านการเงินสูง
    มียอดผู้เข้าใช้งานมากไม่น้อยเลยทีเดียวทั้งประเทศ
    เป็นเว็บไซต์ที่โปรโมชั่นดี แจกหนัก แจกจริง จ่ายไม่ยั้ง ถ้าหากคุณถูกใจ สมัครเว็บไซต์แทงบอล แค่เพียงกรอกข้อมูลของคุณ ให้ถูกครบถ้วน คุณก็สามารถเริ่มพนันได้ในทันที โดยพวกเราหวังว่าเว็บไซต์ของพวกเรา จะถูกใจผู้ใช้งานทุกคน เนื่องจากว่าเรามีการปรับปรุงลักษณะของเว็บไซต์ โดยตลอด เพื่อตอบปัญหาได้ทุกสิ่งทุกอย่างที่จำเป็นจะต้อง ของผู้ใช้งานทุกคน
    โดยเว็บไซต์ พนันบอลออนไลน์
    สามารถแทงบอลสเต็ปได้ตั้งแต่ 2 คู่ขึ้นไป ด้วยเงินอย่างต่ำแค่เพียง 10 บาท ส่วนในเรื่องราคาน้ำบอลของพวกเรา ก็จำเป็นจะต้องบอกได้เลยว่าดียอด ราคาเยี่ยมในทวีปเอเชีย ราคาเพียง 4 ตังค์ คืนค่าคอมฯทุกยอดบิลสูงสุดถึง 0.5 ต่อยอดใบรับเงิน และเว็บของพวกเรายังมีการถ่ายทอดสดบอล ให้รับดูอีกด้วย เพื่อท่านได้ลุ้น รวมถึง
    เพิ่มความเพลิดเพลินสำหรับการ แทงบอล ในเรื่องของระบบฝาก-ถอนนั้น เป็นระบบอัตโนมัติ ทำรายการได้อย่างรวดเร็ว แค่เพียงโอนเงินฝากบัญชี ทำรายการได้ในทันทีทันใดด้านใน
    5 วินาที นี่ก็เลยเป็นจุดแข็งที่ทำให้คนส่วนมาก ใช้บริการเว็บของเรา

  7. Kalau kau bosan bermain game online dan berharap mencari daerah nongkrong yang hits atau liburan alam di Indonesia, dapat segera menuju ke situs picnicgardenflushing yang senantiasa memberikan rekomendasi daerah wisata terbaik di Indonesia.

    Nikmati wisata bersama teman-teman dan keluarga kau dan nikmati keindahan alam di Indonesia, tidak sepatutnya di luar negeri saja yang mempunyai panorama
    dan daerah nongkrong yang mengasyikan, tapi di Indonesia juga memiliki banyak sekali tempat
    hiburan yang bisa kamu kunjungi di ketika tamasya loh.

    Feel free to surf to my blog post … festival music

  8. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now each time a comment is added I get four emails with the same comment.
    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?
    Thanks a lot!

  9. Thank you for every othjer great post. The place else may anybody get that type of information in such an ideal way of writing?

    I’ve a presentation next week, and I am on the look for such information.

  10. I think that is one of the such a lot vital information for me.
    And i’m happy studying your article. But want to
    statement on few common things, The web site taste is perfect, the articles is actually excellent : D.
    Just right job, cheers

  11. We’re a gaggle of volunteers and opening a new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with helpful info to
    work on. You have performed an impressive process and our whole community can be thankful to you.

  12. Hi, i believe that i saw you visited my web site thus i came to return the want?.I am attempting to in finding things to improve my site!I assume
    its ok to use a few of your ideas!!

  13. Lotusbet bonus oranları ise yine kullanıcıların daha fazla kazanabilmesi içi düşünülmüştür. Lotusbet giriş adresinden siteye üyelik girişinizi gerçekleştirdikten sonra artık oyuna hemen başlayabilir ve daha fazla kazanmak içinde sürekli yeni oyunlarla kendinizi geliştirebilirsiniz. Lotusbet TV adresinden bahisler canlı olarak gerçekleştirildiği gibi oyuncular sıcak paraya hemen ulaşabilirler. Kısacası yüksek kazanç ve eğlenceli oyunlar için bahis sitesini tercih edebilirsiniz.
    Site : https://lotusbet.club/

  14. 2020)’s evaluation of police crime, census, and Twitter knowledge found a positive correlation between consumption of
    racially motivated hate speech and an elevated chance to have
    interaction in online harassment, as further validated by Sambasivan et al.
    After evaluation, a brand new framework, referred
    to as PMCR, was created because we discovered that a chronological order of before, throughout
    and after harassment is not enough to view the wants distinctly.
    These findings discussed levels of harassment (earlier than, during, after), needs of targets during these phases and the components behind them.

    Analysis revealed that participants’ experiences with online harassment attacks included a distinct timeline of occasions usually occurring earlier than,
    during, and after an attack incidence. 2017)’s work revealed that online harassment targets needed support, comparable
    to help with documentation and reporting assaults to platforms – which is the main focus of our work.
    Blackwell et al. (2017) collected design suggestions throughout an iterative design process
    to construct Heartmob, which is a personal online neighborhood that provides online harassment targets with real-time assist resources, resembling
    witnesses and tools for intervening during an assault
    (Blackwell et al., 2017). Blackwell et al. The Haystack Group at MIT Science and Artificial
    Intelligence Lab developed Squadbox, a instrument designed to help targets handle online harassment received through e-mail
    by allowing targets to arrange “squads” of people from the targets’
    support network to act as moderators who can reject, set up, or collaboratively apply filters
    to emails that include harassment (Mahar et al., 2018). Squadbox closely
    focuses on content moderation to address real-time emotional
    and safety wants somewhat than targets’ reporting and documentation needs.

  15. Hey! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
    I’m getting fed up of WordPress because I’ve
    had problems with hackers and I’m looking at options for another platform.
    I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good
    platform.

  16. What’s up mates, how is everything, and what you want to say concerning this
    piece of writing, in my view its in fact amazing designed for me.

  17. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everybody else experiencing problems
    with your blog. It seems like some of the written text within your posts are running
    off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know if
    this is happening to them too? This could
    be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Appreciate it

  18. First off I would like to say wonderful blog! I had a quick question which I’d like to ask if you do not
    mind. I was curious to find out how you center yourself and clear your head before writing.
    I have had trouble clearing my thoughts in getting my
    thoughts out there. I do enjoy writing however it just seems like the first 10 to
    15 minutes are usually lost just trying to figure out how
    to begin. Any ideas or hints? Appreciate it!

  19. You actually make it seem really easy with your
    presentation but I to find this topic to be actually one thing that I feel I might never understand.
    It kind of feels too complex and extremely vast for me.
    I am taking a look ahead in your next publish, I’ll try
    to get the hold of it!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *