Transportation systems have evolved since ancient time. This continual transformation of the ways in which humans travel and transport goods is often closely tied to technological advances in the field of transportation. In many ways, the culture of a civilization is heavily influenced by the transportation technologies available to it. However, the relationship goes the other way as well. The transportation technologies present in a society are also often determined by the culture of that society.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, an iconic ship known as the Caravel largely dominated the sea-faring industries of Southwestern Europe. Although the exact origin of this ship is still debated, it had been used as an offshore fishing vessel by the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula since at least the 1200’s. The ship featured a strong Moorish influence, and its design, at least in part, may have been passed from the Islamic body of knowledge to the Western Christian societies of Spain and Portugal. This is quite possible because, as one author points out (see links below), Medieval Islamic society contributed many advances to the fields of geography, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. These important theoretical discoveries would later contribute to the success of European seafaring by forming the foundation of cutting-edge navigational techniques and other technologies.
The Caravel was a relatively small ship, especially by modern standards. The bottom of the ship protruded below the surface of the water by only a small distance, making it an extremely maneuverable watercraft. For much of its life, the Caravel featured triangular “lateen” sails that, combined with its eminent maneuverability, allowed it to sail into the wind using a zigzagging technique known as “beating to windward.” The Spanish and Portuguese soon recognized the potential of this ship, and transformed it from a simple offshore fishing vessel to the backbone of the European Age of Exploration. With the addition of square sails (to provide increased power when sailing with the wind) and other minor changes, the Caravel soon became the ship of choice for many explorers. It has been suggested that two of Columbus’s ships, the Niña and the Pinta, were Caravels optimized for transatlantic exploration.
Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.
However, the inverse is also true. To a large extent, the success of the Caravel was due to navigational techniques brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors, combined with the European desire for political, economic, religious, and scientific expansion.
This dichotomy holds true for many transportation-related technologies. Railroads are built to service existing towns, but the route itself often determines the development of future towns. Military conflict has served as a catalyst for the development of many advances in aviation technology that have later spilled over into the public sector. It is clear that a society’s culture and its transportation technologies are very much linked. Engineers must keep this in mind when developing new technologies for transportation systems. When designing part of a transportation system, it is important both to take inspiration from society and to recognize the changes that that technology will have upon society.
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Adama Traore was not The Black Water Vampiresuccessful in the previous period but after moving to Wolverhampton has done a great job that has attracted the attention of many teams in the battle.
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Only Robert Lewandowski อาร์เซนอล has netted more times this year than the Serbian striker, who is now wanted by a host of clubs across Europe
The Serbia international’s โธมัส ทูเคิ่ล contract expires in the summer of 2023 and he has absolutely no intention of signing an extension.
Then, there’s Juventus, มาร์ติน คีโอว์นwho would desperately love to sign him but are desperately short on money.
The Portuguese, Jurgen Klopp who returned to Old Trafford this season after more than a decade away, shared a special interview with his former manager and mentor
“I know his mother was used to the move they made from Madeira to Lisbon when he was a young kid. But มิเกล อาร์เตต้า coming to another country where the language is different, it’s a big step for a young person.”
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“For me, this is the Toy Story 2 most important thing, apart from winning Champions Leagues, Premier Leagues, cups
“It was reported and the Miti Winyan Mahatsachan stadium manager will have to deal with that with the authorities”, the manager explained to Sky Sports after the final whistle.
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เยอร์เกน คล็อปป์ after having fans Send me questions because I wonder Who is the cute-looking girl who appeared on the YouTube channel Bradboy of the good-humoured singer Boy-Phitsanu Nimsakul and what kind of relationship did he have with him?
Currently, Cheeta, 17 years old, is a girl who loves beauty since childhood. Boy Phitsanu has given love and care since he was only 3 years old, which Cheeta is the child of his cousin. One person who is known to be very familiar with. เมสัน กรีนวูด
อาร์เซน่อล In addition, Boy Phitsanu also added that There was a time when he decided not to talk to Cheetah because of his stubborn behavior during adolescence. both addicted to friends neither wanting to study and also did not obey But in the end, I understood that it was partly because of her own bad habits that forced Cheetah to do what she wanted to be.
without knowing what Cheetah’s needs are until high school Therefore, we had a serious discussion about the dreams and goals that Cheetah wanted to do or what he was really interested in. บาร์เซโลน่า
with rose petals If you want to dance, you have to practice. If you want to be anything, you have to push yourself. That will allow us to understand the meaning and value of being famous. โบรุสเซีย ดอร์ทมุนด์
The Real Ghosts As for work in the entertainment industry, although Cheeta likes and has the courage to express herself, Boy Phitsanu has given advice that I want to struggle on my own because our lives are not sprinkled with rose petals If you want to dance, you have to practice. If you want to be anything, you have to push yourself. That will allow us to understand the meaning and value of being famous.
The Curse of La Llorona While Nong Cheeta said that next year she intends to enter the contest in the Super Model of Thailand project before leaving on Instagram. @cheetas.sterrrr for all my brothers and sisters to follow her work in the future as well.
This made the young actor Tac Pharanyu Rojanawuttham to his head early in the morning after seeing the news, Mr. Anutin Charnvirakul, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Health. spoke to the people during the opening ceremony of the expo to drive the policy of opening the country to open the country At the Chiang Khan Cultural Plaza Unicorn Store Walking Street, Chiang Khan District, province. It’s said that Covid-19 is still a small infectious virus. Although mutated into many species As long as the COVID-19 virus remains
กระสือสยาม While people in the entertainment industry such as Tac Pharanyu posted a message criticizing the case via his personal Instagram… “Covid Freak (Say this again?) Last time I said it. Like this, shi-gone. Then come cry, tears flow. Oh my god, ‘both talk and leaven are enough.’”
Ready to reveal the caption, repeating again that… “Wake up early to see the news. Found like this. Why are people talking not the same generation? Wow. Really want to crush it. Tomorrow will go live on the fan page. . Pharanyu. See you at 3 pm. It’s up. I’m not busy today. Haha. Us (2019)
which after the young actor has already posted the above message. There was a young actress like “Aom Skawjai” who did not miss the The Prodigy (2019) comments to add to the army again. “He cursed himself, he was so lame, he couldn’t deal with the covids!!!! Freaking sparrow!!!!”
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West Ham United made theThe Trial of the Chicago 7 decision to sign Philippe Anderson from Lazio in 2018 for a fee of 36 million pounds, a record-breaking deal at West Ham United.
West Ham United made the decision toDog’s Purpose sign Philippe Anderson from Lazio in 2018 for a fee of 36 million pounds, a record-breaking deal at West Ham United.
West Ham United made theขุนค้อน decision to sign Philippe Anderson from Lazio in 2018 for a fee of 36 million pounds, a record-breaking deal at West Ham United.
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West Ham United made the decisionคาร์ราเกอร์ to sign Philippe Anderson from Lazio in 2018 for a fee of 36 million pounds, a record-breaking deal at West Ham United.
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The Reds head into Dusan Vlahovic Christmas three points off the top of the Premier League after their depleted line-up were held to a 2-2 draw in north London
But then Alisson Becker, who made aLuis Suarez string of outstanding saves, missed his challenge as he slid out at the feet of Son, who gleefully levelled into an empty net.
“I am worried from a medical point of view, we have had four days of consecutive tests. How will it stop if we arJurgen Klopp e in a bus together and in meetings? We are disappointed, we are a bit angry.”
With Covid-19 outbreaks hitting other clubs and forcing a glut of postponements, Pep Guardiola’s side have managUnleashed ed to escape largely unaffected, allowing them to quietly stat putting one of those runs together that can break their title rivals.
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His standout moment on SJurassic Park inday came from a central position, drifting past two weak tackles before smashing in a fierce strike from 25 yards.
dynamic directness to his game, but it is questionable whether they would be quite so threatening if they were aske Minority Report d to switch flanks as Cancelo has been forced to do both this season and last.
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Borussia Dortmund president RamayanHan Joachim Watzke has revealed that Real Madrid would be a good fit for Ering Braut Haaland.
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The Liverpool boss fumed with tIliman Ndiaye he officials after his side’s draw with Tottenham on Sunday left the Reds three points back in the title race