Transportation systems have evolved since ancient time. This continual transformation of the ways in which humans travel and transport goods is often closely tied to technological advances in the field of transportation. In many ways, the culture of a civilization is heavily influenced by the transportation technologies available to it. However, the relationship goes the other way as well. The transportation technologies present in a society are also often determined by the culture of that society.
In the 15th and 16th centuries, an iconic ship known as the Caravel largely dominated the sea-faring industries of Southwestern Europe. Although the exact origin of this ship is still debated, it had been used as an offshore fishing vessel by the peoples of the Iberian Peninsula since at least the 1200’s. The ship featured a strong Moorish influence, and its design, at least in part, may have been passed from the Islamic body of knowledge to the Western Christian societies of Spain and Portugal. This is quite possible because, as one author points out (see links below), Medieval Islamic society contributed many advances to the fields of geography, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine. These important theoretical discoveries would later contribute to the success of European seafaring by forming the foundation of cutting-edge navigational techniques and other technologies.
The Caravel was a relatively small ship, especially by modern standards. The bottom of the ship protruded below the surface of the water by only a small distance, making it an extremely maneuverable watercraft. For much of its life, the Caravel featured triangular “lateen” sails that, combined with its eminent maneuverability, allowed it to sail into the wind using a zigzagging technique known as “beating to windward.” The Spanish and Portuguese soon recognized the potential of this ship, and transformed it from a simple offshore fishing vessel to the backbone of the European Age of Exploration. With the addition of square sails (to provide increased power when sailing with the wind) and other minor changes, the Caravel soon became the ship of choice for many explorers. It has been suggested that two of Columbus’s ships, the Niña and the Pinta, were Caravels optimized for transatlantic exploration.
Clearly, the Caravel revolutionized European transportation. This technology made it possible for European explorers, fishermen, and merchants to “expand their horizons,” by providing the ability to travel further, faster. One could argue that it played a major role in the rapid colonization of the New World.
However, the inverse is also true. To a large extent, the success of the Caravel was due to navigational techniques brought to the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors, combined with the European desire for political, economic, religious, and scientific expansion.
This dichotomy holds true for many transportation-related technologies. Railroads are built to service existing towns, but the route itself often determines the development of future towns. Military conflict has served as a catalyst for the development of many advances in aviation technology that have later spilled over into the public sector. It is clear that a society’s culture and its transportation technologies are very much linked. Engineers must keep this in mind when developing new technologies for transportation systems. When designing part of a transportation system, it is important both to take inspiration from society and to recognize the changes that that technology will have upon society.
“Happy 3rd wedding anniversary. Thank you husband for loving your wife and taking care of your wife as you always กรานิท ชาก้า
promised on your wedding day. Thank you for being a good husband and father to your children. I love P’ Ball very much. Alone, steamed sticky rice. (disc sound)”
The beautiful wife also had a present for her husband. She’s really cute and pampers her husband. There was also a wedding anniversary gift. Plus, there’s not just one piece. It made the young man smile. And Young Ball also made a promise that he would stay together until the เบน เดวีส์
day he died. “Our wedding anniversary I love you as always. Your smile is your happiness. live together until the day we die.”
Pop Pongkul leaves a message to รายา
the Prime Minister I want to tag but I can’t find it I want to do my best every second Say, if this is your best, then let someone else do it instead.
Another entertainer โดราเอม่อน
voice of a good singer, Pop Pongkul, who wants to reflect on the Prime Minister and the management of the Covid-19 situation. which is currently spreading heavily In the post, he stated that he had been contacted by medical personnel, volunteers, to know that the field hospital still lacked equipment to support it.
“I have been contacted for help quite a lot from medical personnel and volunteers, making me realize that ทอม แอนด์ เจอร์รี่
many field hospitals are not equipped with equipment and lack of support for both people. and equipment greatly A lot of people do it without vacation and holidays.”
In The Croods A New Age addition, Pop Pongkul also told him not to let his outpost fight empty-handed. “Please. Don’t let our outposts go to war with bare hands like this. to the public sector how much help It’s definitely not as much as you can see and move at once. Still insisting on the same words, every second wasted is our brothers’ lives.”
Hi, your post was very useful. I will try to share this post with my friends so that they can use this post as well. Thank you نرم افزار مطب
Meningkatnya permintaan masyarakat terkait taruhan bola tentu juga membuat jumlah Link Bola88 mengalami peningkatan dimana saat ini sudah banyak penggemar taruhan bola uang asli di Indonesia
Visit Lyeed.com One of the top News and Magazine organizations in the World.
Berikut ini adalah link alternatif Judi Togel Online terpercaya yang pastinya akan membayar berapapun jumlah kemenangan anda.
Every time I come เกลม็องต์ ล็องเลต์
out to move which must make the social world I have to vibrate all the time…all the time. For the famous female heroine, Focus Jeerakul or Focus, my boyfriend.
When the latest on the Facebook page @Focus Jeerakul of the person has posted a message. “Leave it to think” about the living situation of the people today which contains the content that..เคเลชี่ อิเฮียนาโช่
“To be able to ‘suffice’, you must have money first. Must not be troubled about money to be able to do that Because nowadays, just ‘enough to eat’ is still exhausting. Leave it ลุค ชอว์
for me to think.”
This event made netizens who saw the message to share information. and exchanging views It also has the number of people who share the post up to 10,000 จอร์แดน เฮนเดอร์สัน times in less than 1 hour.
http://126.96.36.199/ merupakan yang terbaik dari yang terbaik di Indonesia
Visit Our Website To Play The Great Game
You have to do is dial the phone number, and just in case you do not get any response. You can send an email or chat with Chandigarh girls online and fix an appointment with them.
amid the epidemic อ้าย…คนหล่อลวง
situation of the COVID-19 virus that affects every sectors across the country at this time
Visit Our Website To Play The Great Game
Most recently, Jeab-Lalana Kongtharnin or Dr Jeab, a famous doctor and actor. which is another personnel who is on duty at the front line to treat patients After taking the space of @jeab_lalana, @jeab_lalana posted a heart-wrenching message about the “ethics อีเรียมซิ่ง
of being a doctor” that never discriminates against patients. before ending that “We are the people’s doctors. and we will be on the side of the people.”
“The chick might not be a good doctor. or have any position But one thing that exists and is universal is Freaky
Code of Conduct That we will not discriminate and treat patients, regardless of who they are, what gender, rich or poor, because we are doctors.
In my work life, มู่หลาน there are times when a patient is a prisoner wearing a shackle. Or sometimes he is the culprit recently caught by the police. But one of our duties and humanity is life support and treatment As for judging who is right or wrong It is a process of court and society. It’s not the doctor’s job to choose to treat the patient.
thanks for blog post
Thanks for sharing such useful blogs. Usually I never comment on blogs but your article is so convincing that I never stop myself to say something about it. Please regularly post important and helpful contents . We provide tech support services, if you are facing any problem related to your Quickbooks you can contact our proadviser. for more information to visit our website.
There may be many interesting topics, but always keep in mind that what your company knows as its best product or service should be introduced to the audience.
oh man, that,s great! you can check it on amvitamins.com too!
Вы ищете самый простой вариант увеличения посещаемости собственного сайта? Scanlike.Com сумеет исполнить эту задачу! Хотите найти визиты с поисковых систем: Google, Яндекс, Rambler и соцсетей: Instagram, ВК, Твиттер, Tiktok.Com, Facebook.Com? Наша команда сможет направить на ваш веб сайт неограниченный объем трафика. Сделать заказ можно всего-то в ряд кликов на Сканлайк. Вы сможете накрутить трафик собственного проекта на самом деле фактически. Усилить посещаемость реально на проекте Scanlike. Потому перейдите на страницу и оформите визиты на сайт: https://scanlike.com/traf/usilenie-ssylok-perehodami/
Thank you for sharing such informative blogs. While I normally do not comment on blogs, your article is so compelling that I can’t help but feel compelled to share my thoughts with you about it. Please keep posting important and useful content on a regular basis. We provide technical support services; if you are experiencing any difficulties with your Quickbooks, you can contact our professional adviser. Please see our website for additional information.
Welcome to Shivani Roy Zirakpur Escorts Open 24/7 along side Call Girls in Zirakpur offering Independent Zirakpur Escorts cause you to Most satisfied Lifetime experience at affordable Rates. https://www.shivaniroy.co.in
After flying to ฉัตร์ชัยเดชา บุตรดี
the United States and receiving the first dose of Moderna vaccination, Peck Sanchai, Tanya Thanyares’ husband, has received the second dose of the Moderna vaccination. Symptoms after injection
“It’s been a month since the first dose of Moderna. Came today for the second injection. After getting Sinovac Two needles from Thailand Many people have asked if from Sinovac 2 needles to Moderna, do you have any symptoms? Personally, I don’t have any symptoms. As for Moderna, I feel a little tired today. Wait 7 days will report that Are there any side effects? because there are many people who have registered waiting for คริสเตียน อีริคเซ่น
I have เอมิล สมิธ โรว์
only one lung left. Therefore, it is necessary to rush to inject the full dose first according to the doctor’s advice. The United States is becoming more strict again as more species enter. I wish all Thai people to be safe. In Thailand, which community, or any medical agency? If you want grilled pork mafia, inbox or like, add to @moopingmafia. Now @jackfanchan gradually sends to various places. I stay all day
PK Piyawat posted เมรีห์ เดมิราล congratulations to his brother, Young Khemphet, after being promoted to the Secretary-General of the Consul-General in New York.
Special website designed for adults.
After Jib Pokchat The Witches
came out to reveal the number of people who lost their jobs and are in trouble now. because the owner announced the driver But each applicant who comes to apply has an excellent profile. until it is unbelievable that he will apply for this position This makes Jib want to be a part of helping those who are unemployed and in trouble right now.
Until he decided to open his own space to be a medium for job announcements from different places. who are in need of workers so that people who are unemployed now can Birds of Prey
By Jib revealed that “At first, it will help find jobs for only people who come to apply for a job Jumanji The Next Level
with Jib, but think about it, this opportunity should be for everyone. Because these jobs may It is a straw that continues to live for many more lives, many families because in addition to being heavy with covids financial matters It’s equally heavy. Many people are unemployed. There are many unemployed. I don’t know when The economy will return to normal and money is not floating in the air. We have to fight and work in exchange.
who meets the qualifications think can do this job really ready to work You can submit the application SEOBOK by yourself according to the contact of that job and any brothers and sisters who are looking for people. No matter where the location is, whether it’s a regular or a job, you can direct massage to the JP. I will help you post and announce it.”
OMEGA89 Merupakan Situs
Online Terbaik di INDONESIA Aman Dan Terpercaya Dari Situs Mana pun..
Made the fans, legs mount and the netizens. Shocked For the post where M Busarakham, the eldest มิเกล อาร์เตตา
daughter of famous comedian Mam Jokmok, wrote about her beliefs about the magic number 7 on Facebook @mbusarakumvkl. So many people can’t help wondering and worried that this event has anything to do with the life of loving husband, Golf Kornwat or not?
And shortly after the post was shared, M Busarakham came out to respond to such doubts to make everyone feel comfortable through the comments section. “I didn’t talk about my husband” แมนเชสเตอร์ ยูไนเต็ด
before making many people cry. Oh! go along
only not ราฟาแอล วาราน
enough Because the person has also shared a photo with a cute caption attached, adding, “It’s better to leave, remember, than to be cursed.” ***This is all my throat is dry***”, which has many fans joining in to press likes and comments continuously.
only not enough Because the เจดอน ซานโช่ person has also shared a photo with a cute caption attached, adding, “It’s better to leave, remember, than to be cursed.” ***This is all my throat is dry***”, which has many fans joining in to press likes and comments continuously.
ازن یک اکسیدکننده و ویروس کش بسیار قوی و ماده ای موثر برای گندزدایی و ضد عفونی آب و فاضلاب است. ازن با فرمول شیمیایی O3 تحت شرایط هوای آزاد، گازی آبی رنگ با بوی زننده است. هنگامی که ازن در آب تجزیه می شود، رادیکال های آزاد هیدروژن پروکسی و هیدروکسیل تشکیل می شوند که ظرفیت اکسیدکنندگی بسیار بالایی دارند و نقشی مهم در فرایند گندزدایی ایفا می کنند.
امروزه یکی از اصلی ترین سیستم های که درگندزدایی و ضدعفونی کردن آب و فاضلاب مورد توجه بسیار بالایی قرار گرفته است استفاده از دستگاه ازن ژنراتور می باشد. که به دلیل نداشتن موادشیمیایی و زیان آور برای انسانها و یا جانوران درتمامی کشورهای پیشرفته جایگزینی مناسب کلرزن مایع و کلرزن گازی قرارگرفته است. به تازگی با توجه به شناخت و آشنایی با قابلیت های دستگاه ازن ژنراتور تمایلی زیادی به استفاده از این سیستم و جایگزینی با سایر روش های گندزدایی موجود را دارند. استفاده دستگاه ازن ژنراتور به جای استفاده از پکیج تزریق کلر یا سیستم های الکترولیز دراستخرهای شنا مورد استفاده قرار میگیرد. عوارضی از قبیل خشکی و سوزش پوست و چشم و حساسیت تنفسی بعضی از انسانها به بو و خاصیت کلر بیشتر استخرهای شنا و تفریحی بابت ضدعفونی آب استخر رو به استفاده از دستگاه ازن ژنراتور آورده اند. این نوع سیستم ها با توجه به قیمت بالای که در ابتدا برای استفاده کنندها دارد ولی به مرور زمان از نظرصرف هزینه بسیار پایین تر از کلرزن مایع می باشد.
The older she gets, the more she shines with bright cuteness for fans and child lovers to Chaos Walking
see more and more. For Nong Nola, Kaem Yui’s daughter of superstar parents, Janie Alphat Na Pomphet and Mickey Non.
Especially with the latest video clip being shared via Instagram. @janienineeleven of a talented mother Along with the English caption that says “My twin forever” that not only reveals the glamorous angle of the mother-daughter duo Na Pomphet while taking a selfie, bumping into the cheek, comparing the exact resemblance as if they were twins. different models only Wonder Woman 1984
But another focal point that fans and fans can’t help but say hi. is the smooth, clear skin without wrinkles of a young woman Janie that even though it’s a live nude mode But still referred to as being young เรื่อง ผี เล่า
and inviting Until people come to comment asking for tips in a hurried way. all together