Nuclear Port Security

The goal of transportation systems in general is to facilitate the movement of people and goods from place to place quickly, safely, and inexpensively. However, because it is often not possible to meet all three of those goals simultaneously, transportation engineers are forced to choose some imperfect, but realistic, combination of those ideals. Securing our nation’s ports from potential nuclear threats is a prime example of a goal that forces transportation engineers, politicians, and others to choose between safety and efficiency.

Since the attacks of September 11th, national security has been an especially important issue in the United States. The federal government quickly took measures to decrease the chances of another major terrorist attack from occurring on US soil. While much attention is given to those measures that directly impact the public, such as airline security checks, other less obvious measures are equally important.

Nuclear Port Security is a major issue for many reasons, including the following:

1.)    Nuclear weapons can only be detonated in the US if they are created here or transported here. If we assume that creating or obtaining a nuclear device is easier outside of the US than within it, and that a missile or other military-style delivery system is beyond the technical capabilities of most terrorist groups (both somewhat questionable assumptions), they it appears that smuggling a nuclear weapon into the US is perhaps the easiest way to get such a device on US soil.

2.)    Nuclear “Dirty Bombs” provide a low-tech method for radiation dispersal, while highly-enriched Uranium weapons emit only low levels of radiation prior to detonation that are difficult to detect by many scanners.

3.)    Sea- and river-ports process huge amounts of cargo every day, increasing the chances that the “needle” may never be found in the “haystack.”

4.)    Air traffic is very closely monitored, making smuggling radioactive material by air a risky possibility.

5.)    Cargo ships are massive and carry goods from many different companies and points of origin to just as many places. This vast complexity and great scale make it difficult for all transported items to be fully checked and monitored.

6.)    Each shipping crate is capable of carrying large amounts of materials and can be unloaded from a ship directly to a truck without any form of visual or other inspection of its contents.

7.)    Ports are extremely important to the world market, and are often located in, or very close to, major cities. A nuclear detonation at a port could cause great loss of life as well as major monetary losses. According to the Washington Post, “Estimates of damage caused by a nuclear detonation at a major port range from tens of billions of dollars to $1 trillion.” The destruction of a major port would cause tremendous financial and cultural turmoil. Global trade would suffer, and many jobs would be lost. Suspicion or tension between countries would result in even greater consequences.

Clearly, the protection of its sea- and river- ports should be a major priority for the US. However, there are major obstacles to such security. Financial concerns, delays in shipments due to extended processing time, privacy and intellectual property concerns, and poorly organized oversight of the cargo monitoring process have all plagued attempts to institute an all-encompassing scanning methodology at US ports.

In 2007, Congress passed a law requiring that all cargo containers entering the US must be screened for radiation at foreign ports. In an effort to achieve this goal, the US has helped over twenty nations to install cargo scanning equipment in their ports, largely through the Megaports Initiative of the National Nuclear Security Administration. This initiative, begun in fiscal year 2003, seeks to expand this success to 100 seaports by 2015. Despite the success of this initiative, reported the Washington Post, the Department of Homeland Security failed to meet the July 2012 deadline for 100% foreign-based scanning set forth by Congress, instead “extending a two-year blanket exemption to foreign ports because the screening is proving too costly and cumbersome.” In a report to Congress, DHS secretary Janet Napolitano “said it would cost $16 billion to implement scanning measures at the nearly 700 ports worldwide that ship to the United States.” The current cargo scanning system used by the Customs and Border Protection agency uses intelligence-based analysis to target “high-risk” cargo for inspection.

Although much of the cargo imported into the US is not yet scanned in foreign ports, nearly all of it is scanned after it reached US ports. However, concerns have been raised regarding the effectiveness of the scanning equipment used for this application. In addition, a 2013 report by the DHS Office of Inspector General revealed poor coordination between Customs and Border Protection and the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office that has allegedly resulted in poor scanning and tracking methods.

When looking at an issue such as nuclear port security, it is often very difficult to see a clear solution. The many available courses of action each provide their own set of benefits and drawbacks, even when looking at only a small aspect of the problem. For example, looking at the issue of nuclear port security from an economic perspective provides little useful directives. On the one hand, according to the Washington Post, “estimates of damage caused by a nuclear detonation at a major port range from tens of billions of dollars to $1 trillion.” On the other hand is the reality of the current system exemplified by failed attempts to address the issue, as shown by a simple look at the news: “Pilot programs established to scan all containers [in foreign ports] were abandoned in 2009 after the agency said costs were too high and the effort led to cargo delays and logistical problems.”

Transportation engineers, politicians, businessmen, and the public must also weigh the daily logistical nightmare of in-port radiation scanning against the chances of the logistical hell of a nuclear detonation in-port.

Will things ever change? It’s unclear. The optimist will point to new scanning technology that will revolutionize the scanning process, while the pessimist will point to increased government bureaucracy that will only make the system more costly and inefficient. However, some things are certain: as long as nuclear threats exist, the issue of port security will be an important (and likely costly) one.





831 thoughts on “Nuclear Port Security

  1. about iron
    ورق گالوانیزه در برخی زا موراد با نام آهن گالوانیزه هم شناخته می‌شود. قیمت ورق گالوانیزه در تمام ضخامت و عرض ها ورق‌های فولادی با دو روش نورد سرد و گرم تولید و عرضه می‌شوند. معمولاً ورق‌های نورد گرم، پس از تولید در یک فرآیند خاص، «گالوانیزه» می‌شوند. به بیان دیگر، در فرآیند تولید ورق گالوانیزه، متخصصان، یک لایه‌ی نازک از جنس عنصر فلزی روی (ZN) بر سطح خارجی ورق می‌کشند.گالوانیزاسیون یا روی‌اندود‌کردن، مقاومت ورق‌های فولادی را در برابر زنگ‌زدگی و خوردگی‌های احتمالی افزایش می‌دهد. روش‌های گوناگونی برای روی‌اندود‌کردن ورق‌های فولادی وجود دارد

  2. It is extremely important that it has some features in order to get the result you want from corporate web design applications. We make your work a little easier in this process thanks to our corporate web design applications that we have realized with a modern looking and easy interface.

    With the SEO studies we perform in our corporate web design applications, we ensure that your ranking is higher in internet searches. We use keywords suitable for every sector and institution in SEO work.

  3. You share really interesting news that I’ve never seen on any website. Thank you for sharing here. I think this is a useful post and very useful and knowledgeable. Therefore, I would like to thank you for your efforts in writing this article. 토토사이트추천

  4. Now more than ever, it is more important to get your business online quickly. This is what we did. We have many years of experience and have built dozens of websites for all purposes and budgets.

    Vallettasoft will design an attractive and vibrant website for your business. We also design your mobile application. Take a look at our work. Let’s talk. Services: web design, e-commerce, software solutions.

  5. Here at, you can scan our site to explore the top software development company that can deliver professional services which can help your brand in maximizing its performance and customer engagement. We conduct extensive research and utilize credible sources to ensure our selection of top companies is legit and the best for clients. Click here for more information.

  6. SexyPG888 เว็บเดิมพันออนไลน์ สล็อตpgแท้ ที่นักเดิมพันนิยมเล่นเป็นอันดับ 1 ของประเทศไทย เว็บตรง ที่ดีที่สุดในตอนนี้

  7. Unlike others taking sides and directing you to buy what they want, brings a whole new approach by highlighting the significance of “real-person” accounts. Thus, it is impossible to find bots advertising a brand or a service here. Looking closely at the well-designed website, you will see manifold opinions conflicting under the thread — how an authentic brand review should be.
    Reference :

  8. MamaFollowers is a digital market leader, and the quality of its offerings has significantly altered the perception of service in the package sales business. One of the primary reasons why Instagram users who care about their profile and want to expand it in a professional fashion select us is the high quality of our services. Instagram and other social media platforms can easily identify fake followers. The followers we provide have complete profile information, profile images, and profiles that share active content. Our goal is to reduce the chance that people will notice that you are buying followers.

    Reference :

  9. عملکرد پارتیشن اداری به این صورت است که کارایی افراد را افزایش می دهد و باعث می شود فضای متفاوتی ایجاد شود پارتیشن اداری و از ایجاد سر و صدا جلوگیری می کند. این پارتیشن ها حریم خصوصی برای افراد ایجاد می کنند که باعث می شود، بتوانند راحت تر در محیط کار خود فعالیت داشته باشند و به مرتب سازی فضا کمک می کنند. پارتیشن، باعث مجزا کردن فضاها از یکدیگر و تقسیم بندی بهتر آنها خواهد شد.

  10. With the help of the iComfort® S30 ultra smart thermostat, the SLP99V gas furnace unlocks a world of connectivity. It stays finely tuned to your home by using sensors to react, diagnose, and troubleshoot—all while remaining in constant contact with your dealer to ensure proactive responses. Geofencing technology ensures your air turns on and off as you come and go. And the system even responds to the outdoor environment to adjust operation to account for factors like pollen and outdoor air quality.

  11. amir-kabir-kashan-steel-company
    انواع ورق آهن
    ورق آهن را عمدتا در نوع رولي و صفحه اي مي توان شناسايي کرد ورق گالوانيزه کاشان اما همين دو نوع نيز داراي انواع مختلفي مي باشد. پنج نوع از انواع ورق هاي آهن :
    – ورق سياه
    – ورق روغني
    – ورق رنگي
    – ورق گالوانيزه
    – ورق رنگي شيرواني

  12. steel-sheet
    انواع ورق آهن
    ورق آهن را عمدتا در نوع رولي و صفحه اي مي توان شناسايي کرد ورق استيل 316 اما همين دو نوع نيز داراي انواع مختلفي مي باشد. پنج نوع از انواع ورق هاي آهن :
    – ورق سياه
    – ورق روغني
    – ورق رنگي
    – ورق گالوانيزه
    – ورق رنگي شيرواني

  13. 1win giriş adresi hakkında sormak istediğiniz ya da merak ettiğiniz konular varsa sitemiz üzerinde yer alan iletişim kanallarından bizlere ulaşarak sorabilirsiniz. Her türlü bahis işlemi için 1win güncel giriş adresi sizlere 7/24 destek sunmaya devam ediyor. Bahis siteleriyle ilgili desteğe ihtiyaç duyulan konuların başında üye olmak, para yatırma seçenekleri, para çekme ve bahis oyunları gelir.
    Site :

  14. Mass Texting capability, you can achieve more than 99.2% open & read ratio. A quality mass text messaging & text blast service with affordable & low pricing just as low as $0.0083 to USA. With this international bulk sms service, you can also enjoy other features like SenderID*, SMS API & SMS Gateway access and much more. Signup now and get 125+ SMS Free.Less

  15. Port Security is port security provided by MAC address in layer 2 in networks with more than one network device. In summary, in the configuration of Port Security; The maximum number of network devices that can be connected to the ports of Swtich is determined.

  16. Günümüz moda dünyasında insanların zevklerinin sürekli değişkenlik gösteriyor olması yeni bir akım olan baskı işlemlerini ön plana çıkarmıştır. Firmalar tişört satın almak isteyenlerin kendi tarzlarını yansıtabilmesi için kolay tasarlanabilecek dijital baskı teknolojisine ağırlık vermiştir.
    Referans :

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *