What are Engineering, Civil Engineering and Transportation Engineering?

Engineering can generally be considered the application of math and science to solve real-world problems. These “problems” may vary widely in their nature, seriousness, and frequency of occurrence, but they all have to do with the needs or wants of humans. However, in order to exclude fields such as medicine and economics, it is perhaps best to limit the scope of engineering to problems that deal with the physical environment in which humans live and with which they interact. Engineering also implies that some measure of complex scientific knowledge is utilized in the solving of the problem at hand. This excludes, for example, cooking, basic techniques of agriculture or animal domestication, and possibly even simple forms of building, such as the construction of a stone wall. Although the modern concept of engineering began only recently, the field of engineering has existed almost as long as human civilization through the work of architects, inventors, and other similar persons. Most forms of modern engineering can generally be considered part of civil, mechanical, chemical, or electrical engineering.

Civil engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the fundamental, every-day needs of society that allows a civilization to function. Civil engineering is one of the oldest branches of engineering due to the important role it plays in helping to keep society functioning. It is referred to as “civil” engineering to differentiate it from military engineering, which does not serve to meet the basic needs of society in the same way in which civil engineering does. Civil engineering, like engineering in general, can be divided into several sub-disciplines, including transportation, structural, geotechnical, hydraulic, and environmental engineering. Other related fields of study include materials science, geophysics, architectural engineering, project management, land development, surveying, and a host of other fields. Civil engineers may be employed by public entities such as municipalities, water and sewage authorities, and zoning offices or by private firms specializing in design, consultation, or construction.

Transportation Engineering is the branch of civil engineering that deals with the movement of people and/or objects from place to place. Sub-disciplines can generally be grouped by the means of transportation, and therefore include fields such as highway engineering, port and harbor engineering, railroad engineering, and airport engineering. Transportation engineers often design large, complex systems that utilize several of these vehicles of movement. For example, a city’s public transportation system may include a combination of subway or tram lines, bus routes, and regional rail services, while the city itself may also be serviced by a road and highway system, ferries, and perhaps even a network of walking and/or bike paths. Transportation engineering is vital to any society because it allows for the movement of people, food, and natural resources, facilitates economic development through the transfer of goods, and provides a means for the exchange of knowledge and culture.

1,016 thoughts on “What are Engineering, Civil Engineering and Transportation Engineering?

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    فالوور قبل از اينکه يک اصطلاح باشد، يک کلمه انگليسي است که کاربردهاي مختلفي در اين زبان دارد. اما از زمان پيدايش و ظهور افزایش فالوور اینستاگرام شبکه هاي اجتماعي، کاربرد آن نيز به گونه اي افزايش پيدا کرد که برخي افراد که با زبان انگليسي آشنايي کافي ندارند، بر اين باورند که اين کلمه يا اصطلاح تنها متعلق به اينستاگرام يا ساير شبکه هاي اجتماعي مبتني بر فالوور است.معني کلمه فالوور چيست اين کلمه که در زبان انگليسي با املاي Follower نوشته مي شود، Noun يا اسم بوده و به معني دنبال کننده مي باشد. کلمه Follower مفرد و جمع آن Followers است.کاربرد اصطلاح فالوور در اينستاگرام چيست با توجه به اينکه دسترسي به ساير شبکه هاي اجتماعي پرکاربرد در سطح جهان براي کاربران ايراني محدود بوده و عموم جامعه تنها اينستاگرام را بعنوان يک شبکه اجتماعي مي شناسد، بسياري گمان مي کنند که اصطلاح يا کلمه فالوور فقط در اينستا کاربرد دارد. اکثر شبکه هاي اجتماعي امکاني را در پلتفرم خود در نظر گرفته اند تا کاربرانشان بتوانند با يکديگر در ارتباط باشند و به قول معروف از احوال يکديگر با خبر شوند. ما اين نوع از رسانه هاي اجتماعي را رسانه هاي مبتني بر فالوور يا فالوور محور مي ناميم. توئيتر، پيج هاي فيسبوک، اکانت هاي کمپاني در لينکدين، سوندکلود، پينترست و بسياري ديگر از پلتفرم هاي اجتماعي با کاربري متفاوت، دکمه اي را در پروفايل کاربران خود با عنوان Follow قرار داده اند. هدف از قرار دادن دکمه فالو اين است که باعث ايجاد پيوند بين پروفايل هاي فعال در اين شبکه هاي اجتماعي شود. در برخي از پلتفرم هاي اجتماعي مانند لينکدين، فالو کردن ها يکطرفه است و تنها محدود به پروفايل هاي کمپاني. در لينکدين بجاي استفاده از دکمه Follow از دکمه Connect استفاده شده که از نظر ماهيت کاربردي، Connect همان Follow در اينستا يا توئيتر بحساب مي آيد. در اينستاگرام زماني که پروفايل يک شخص را مشاهده مي کنيم با چند اصطلاح از جمله Followers برخورد مي کنيم. اگر از طريق اپليکيشن اينستا پروفايل شخصي را مشاهده کنيد، عددي زير عبارت Followers و اگر از طريق وب سايت اين شبکه اجتماعي اقدام به بازديد از پروفايل ايشان کنيد، عددي مقابل اين عبارت مشاهده مي کنيد.عدد فالوور چيست حتما براي شما اين سوال که عدد فالوور چيست و بيانگر چه الماني از صفحه اينستاگرام يک کاربر مي باشد، در ذهنتان ايجاد مي شود. عددي که مقابل يا زير کلمه Followers مشاهده مي کنيد، بيانگر تعداد دنبال کنندگان يک اکانت اينستا مي باشد. هر چه اين عدد بالا تر باشد، نشان از محبوبيت آن پيج نزد مخاطبينش دارد. اين عدد، خود نيز داراي نمادهايي است که مي تواند سوال برانگيز باشد. براي مثال K در تعداد فالوور چيست و M چه معنايي دارد!K در عدد تعداد فالوور چيست بعيد است تا کنون با پيج هايي که مقابل عدد فالوور هاي آنها حرف K مشاهده مي شود، برخورد نکرده باشيد. خوب K در عدد تعداد فالوور چيست ؟ اين عدد زماني توسط اپليکيشن و سايت اينستا نمايش داده مي شود که تعداد دنبال کنندگان يک پيج بيش از 9.999 و کمتر از 1 ميليون باشد.

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